Asperger syndrome, or Asperger’s, is a previously used diagnosis on the autism spectrum. In 2013, it became part of one umbrella diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 (DSM-5).
Typical to strong verbal language skills and intellectual ability distinguish Asperger syndrome from other types of autism.
What causes Asperger syndrome generally?
Strengths can include:
Challenges can include:
The tendencies described above vary widely among people. Many learn to overcome their challenges by building on strengths.
Though the diagnosis of Asperger syndrome is no longer used, many previously diagnosed people still identify strongly and positively with being an “Aspie.”
Therapy and Services
Cognitive behavioral therapy can help address anxiety and other personal challenges.
Social skills training classes can help with conversational skills and understanding social cues.
Speech therapy can help with voice control.
Physical and occupational therapy can improve coordination.
Psychoactive medicines can help manage associated anxiety, depression and attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Source: Autism Speaks
Asperger’s syndrome, also known as Asperger disorder or simply Asperger’s, is a type of pervasive developmental disorder which is classified as a part of the autism spectrum. The main distinguishing features of Asperger’s are difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication, alongside restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests.
The main difference between Asperger’s syndrome and autism lies in language development. Individuals with Asperger’s syndrome, unlike those with autism, typically do not have a significant delay in language development. However, both share difficulties with social interactions and communication, and exhibit repetitive behaviors or narrow interests. It’sworth noting that as of the DSM-5, Asperger’s syndrome is now included within the diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
Yes, Asperger’s syndrome is considered a part of the broader category of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) as per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th Edition (DSM-5).
The exact cause of Asperger’s syndrome is not known. However, it’s likely a combination of genetic and environmental factors. There is no evidence to support the idea that Asperger’s is caused by a person’s upbringing or their social or physical environment.